Category Archives: world war 1

Serbian Retreat During World War 1

King of Serbia during the Serbian RetreatThe elderly King of Serbia, Peter I, in a cart being pulled by four oxen, during the Serbian retreat.

World War 1 started because of the conflict between Serbia and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. What would otherwise have been a small regional conflict, developed into a world wide bloodbath once the Great Powers aligned themselves with or against Serbia. At first the Serbs were completely overmatched and most of their country was occupied by the Central Powers. However the King and the remnant of his army managed to retreat to Greece and Albania, where, supported by the French and British, they were able to hang on and eventually regroup.

The Iceman Cometh

blocks of ice

Two happy girls are delivering large blocks of ice.


What better way to keep cool in than with these giant blocks of ice, delivered by two smiling girls. It is 1918 and since you don’t have a refrigerator, you will need to order ice and fill your icebox or cellar with it. Every time your block of ice melts, you will need to order some more. It certainly makes you appreciate modern refrigerators, even though the old system was a lot more environmentally friendly since it avoided using the freon and other gases that make today’s refrigerators work.

In the old days, ice would be cut during the winter and then kept in a warehouse, packed in hay to insulate it to keep it from melting.


cutting ice

This is a picture of men cutting blocks of ice on the lake. The photo was taken in the 1800s but the methods had not changes much over the years. The ice harvested in this way would be the iceman’s inventory which he would deliver on a regular schedule to his customers, in much the same way that the milkman would deliver bottles. In this case, though, there is no iceman but two girls lifting the huge blocks of ice. This is because it is World War 1 and the men are off to fight, so women are filling the jobs that they traditionally did. It looks like the one on the left is especially enjoying her job.


Wartime labour shortages led to women joining the workforce in unprecedented numbers. We often think of World War 2’s Rosy the Riveter as the typical woman entering the work force during the war years. And while it is true that many women were hired to work in factories, they were also needed to work on farms, in stores and in physically demanding jobs like delivering chunks of ice.

World War 1 was the first time that women in Canada, Britain and the United States entered the paid work force outside of the home in significant numbers. After the war, many of these women had to give up their jobs when the men they had replaced returned from the war. However their experience in the workforce led to redefining the role of women and contributed to women gaining the right to vote.

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